Why Do Countries Fight?

March 8, 2019
Kashmir, Image Credit: Shahnoor1 [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)]
Countries fight with each other over many things. Sadly, the region of Kashmir in the north of India, has seen its share of conflict for decades. When British India separated into two parts—India and Pakistan—in 1947, both countries wanted to claim Kashmir as part of their country. And it’s no wonder—Kashmir is a beautiful mountainous region. Fast forward seventy-two years later, and the squabbling still hasn’t stopped.

This past February, a procession of trucks carrying supplies to the Indian military was attacked by a terrorist group out of Pakistan, resulting in the death of thirty military personnel. To protest, India attacked the region where they believe the terrorists were camped, sparking off a string of attacks between the two countries.

As tensions and tempers increased, so did the attacks. On one side, the Indian government, headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, wants to see a swift response to the deadly attack, as they believe that Pakistan is turning a blind eye to those who wish to attack India. On the other side, the newly elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, Imran Khan, is asking for conversations and discussions to help resolve the issue.

Is India’s call for revenge justified? And more importantly, how do two countries that want the same thing—in this case, Kashmir—resolve their issues?