This Month In History: February

February 11, 2020

What makes February fascinating?  If you love history, keep reading! Here are some interesting events that happened in February throughout the years:

1848: The Mexican-American War ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The agreement meant that Mexico agreed to sell California and other territories to the United States for fifteen million dollars.

By Excel23 – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=57290076

1910: The Boy Scouts of America was officially incorporated, modeled after the scout program in England. The Boy Scout Law had three parts: Brave, Clean, and Reverent. Did you know that the program was originally intended for eleven- to fourteen-year-old boys before it expanded to include younger and older boys?

By Cherie Cullen – U.S. Department of Defense http://www.defense.gov/photoessays/photoessaySS.aspx?id=1800, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11155563

1820 and 1913: Susan B. Anthony and Rosa Parks were born this month, respectively. Susan B. Anthony was an American reformer who played an essential role in the women’s suffragette movement. She was criticized for fighting for women’s rights because critics believed she was trying to destroy the institution of marriage by making women equal. Rosa Parks fought against racial discrimination and segregation, most famously by refusing to give up her bus seat. The act launched a movement that lasted more than a year and strengthened the Civil Rights Movement.

1996: In the first game of a six-game match, Deep Blue, a chess computer created by IBM, defeated world chess champion Gary Kasparov for the first time in the history of computers. Kasparov eventually won the series but lost the following year to Deep Blue in a rematch.

By James the photographer – https://www.flickr.com/photos/22453761@N00/592436598/, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3511068

2003: Space travel is no easy feat, and in 2003, NASA’s plans for the Columbia space shuttle came to a crashing halt. The space shuttle broke as it returned back to Earth, killing seven astronauts on board. The incident suspended space shuttle flights while NASA investigated the incident. The problem turned out to be a piece of foam that broke away from the tank and struck the left wing.

NASA’s Space Shuttle Columbia Photo credit: By NASA – Great Images in NASA (image link), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=199486