This Month In History: January

January 15, 2020

What makes January cool? Not just the winter weather, for sure. If you love history, keep reading! Here are some interesting events that happened in January throughout the years:

Birthdays:

Louis Braille, born in January 4th, 1809, devised the Braille system, which allowed visually impaired people to read using a system of marks on paper. Martin Luther King Jr., the African American civil rights leader, was born January 15th, 1929.

Louis Braille
By Agence Rol – Bibliothèque nationale de France, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9466496

Typewriter:

The first patent for a typewriter was issued to Britain’s Henry Mill in 1714. Of course, the typewriter went on to inspire computer keyboards, then laptop keyboards, and now keypads on smart devices. Fun fact: Did you know that the QWERTY keyboard was designed later in 1968? The original design often jammed typewriters because frequently used letters were too close together.

First US Bank:

The first commercial bank in the United States opened in 1782 in Philadelphia and was called the Bank of North America.

Bank of North America
By Helen C. Perkins – http://digitallibrary.hsp.org/media/hsp_dams/images/1/2/1/80117_ca_object_representations_media_12122_mediumlarge.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=53731683

Railways:

The world’s first underground railway service opened in London in 1863 and carried 38,000 passengers on opening day!

By Unknown – The Graphic, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18553739

Xbox:

The first Xbox was officially unveiled in January 2001 by Bill Gates in Las Vegas, Nevada, at the CES technology event. That’s right, the Xbox is nineteen years old this year!

First Woman Doctor:

Elizabeth Blackwell was awarded an MD in New York in 1849, making her the first woman doctor. She graduated first in her class!

Elizabeth Blackwell
By Joseph Stanley Kozlowski – Upstate Medical University, New York, Library, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37788210